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Nearly every conversation around carbon’s role in climate change centers around reducing carbon emissions.
Larry Kopald, co-founder of The Carbon Underground, which focuses on regenerative agricultural practices, said that this misses a major point.
“Reducing emissions does nothing for climate change” without also focusing on drawing existing carbon into the soil through the natural processes being destroyed by industrial agriculture, he explained.
In 2004, the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization estimated that, if current practices continued, soil degradation meant that there would be only 60 years of farming left.
The good news?
A transition to regenerative agriculture can reverse these changes, and it makes business sense for agricultural companies otherwise facing a food-security crisis in the near future.
“We know that if we bring carbon down from the atmosphere into the soil, we help the farmers, we help the food companies, we help the fiber companies [and] we help the planet,” Kopald said.
Earlier in his career, Kopald spent time as a creative director with Leo Burnett and as executive creative director with FCB and Ketchum, before going on to build and serve as president and CCO for Think New Ideas. He brings this experience to the approach he takes with The Carbon Underground, which partners with global companies and employs communications strategies to build support for regenerative agricultural practices.
The Carbon Underground focuses on connecting large companies with large growing areas, advising them on how to move toward regenerative agricultural practices and helping with communications.
Kopald said that once The Carbon Underground explains to large companies like McDonald’s, Unilever or Nike that their existing efforts to reduce emissions and move toward renewable energy won’t have much of an impact without adding an evolution in agricultural practices, these companies tend to see the benefits. It’s also something they can tout to shareholders and audiences.
“It resonates from a communication standpoint,” Kopald said, noting that the overhaul necessary to restore farmlands, ranch pastures or wetlands isn’t as complicated as you might expect.
“All you have to do is start working with the soil the same way nature does,” he said. This means moving away from monoculture crops and the use of pesticides and herbicides that inhibit the biodiversity present in the soil.
Once companies decide to make the shift to regenerative agricultural practices, they have to figure out what that means for their particular crops, Kopald explained. Some, like General Mills, are doing that on their own, while others, such as Unilever, are hiring The Carbon Underground to advise their farmers on regenerative agriculture techniques.
The transition does involve an investment on the parts of these companies in helping farmers cover the cost of transitioning. Kopald said Mars recently committed $1 billion to such a transition.
Companies’ reasons for investing in the transition are motivated in no small part by self-interest and necessity.
“They know their ingredients’ supply chain is collapsing. Because of climate change, they have no idea what the yields are going to be, what the price will be, because you have floods and you have droughts and all that,” Kopald said. “When you restore the soil, your food security goes way up. You grow during droughts; you grow during floods—because the soil can withstand those things.”