The imbalance is well documented: The vast majority of funding in the entrepreneurship world goes to men—white men in particular.
According to one analysis, roughly 2 percent of venture capital funding in 2017 went to all-female teams, compared to 79 percent that went to all-male teams. A March 2018 report from the National Women’s Business Council cited a wide range of issues holding back women in entrepreneurship, from a lack of high-level networking opportunities to a systemic bias through “an unconscious association with less credibility and a lack of legitimacy” compared to men.
But the entrepreneurship community in Washington, D.C., has been quietly working to disrupt the paradigm of who gets to be a disrupter.
Washington is a city that is minority-majority and also female-majority and, estimates have shown, has the highest concentration of LGBTQ-identifying residents of any city in the country. It has also emerged as a budding tech hub, albeit a bit late to the game. Through a combination of community resourcefulness, demographic diversity, local government cooperation and good timing, D.C. has shaped itself as the top city for inclusive entrepreneurship.
The term “inclusive entrepreneurship” was coined in a decade-old project based in New York that looked at improving access to resources for entrepreneurs who identify as having disabilities. Today, the phrase has expanded to cover all efforts focused on closing the funding and resources gap that persists between stereotypical Silicon Valley founders and pretty much anyone else trying to start a business.
There is no better place to put the theory into practice. D.C. has historically had high numbers of businesses owned by minorities, especially women. It’s a trend that does not appear to be reversing itself any time soon.
According to a 2018 report from Beacon: The D.C. Women Founders Initiative, Washington, D.C., though technically not a state, is “one of the 10 fastest-growing states for women-owned businesses in the U.S.” The 2016 State of Women-Owned Business Report commissioned by American Express Open found that nationally, “there has been a 45 percent increase in the number of women-owned firms over the past nine years,” and in D.C., the growth rate was 51 percent.
Supporting women of color
Breaking down the numbers in D.C. by race, however, reveals a serious problem. “With about 11,000 firms, white-women-owned businesses earn nearly $3 billion in receipts,” according to the Beacon report, “while the approximately 12,000 black-women-owned businesses earn $600 million in receipts. This gap only widens when factoring in other minority groups.”
But this grim reality has also sparked exciting new projects aimed at supporting women of color in entrepreneurship, with many of them based in D.C.—and working to improve D.C.’s entrepreneurial scene, too.
Amy Millman, president of Springboard, a D.C.-based “network of innovators, investors, and influencers” that focuses on supporting female-led technology-oriented companies, recalls the way D.C.’s female entrepreneurship scene has evolved in the years she’s been in the city.
“That moment where everything is the right time and the right place came sometime after the [stock market] crash in 2008, 2009,” Millman says. “There was a real interest in starting Start Up America, and [former AOL CEO] Steve Case and a few others spearheaded this with the support of the Obama Administration. They were going around the country, but everything was based here in D.C.”
With the hub of that energy in D.C., it was inevitable that members of the team would begin working with D.C.’s own assets. One example: Donna Harris, former managing director of the Startup America Partnership, went on to cofound 1776, which connects startups around the world with D.C.’s unique resources and networks. Meanwhile, the Case Foundation, which is based in D.C., has become a major pillar of the inclusive entrepreneurship movement.
Melissa Bradley has been part of the D.C. business community for decades, beginning in her years as an undergraduate at Georgetown, where she is now an adjunct professor. She can recall how difficult it was for a woman of color to start a business, in her case in financial services, just after she graduated college in 1989.
“Despite having gone to Georgetown, being a finance major, and having a good education, I ran into significant systemic barriers to starting a business,” she says. “I am a woman. I am black. I’m not sure if being gay played a role. But the bias was overwhelming. I was told three strikes and I would be out. [Those strikes were] ‘there are no women in financial services,’ ‘most people wouldn’t trust black people with their finances,’ and the last was debt. I was the child of a single parent, and I had student loans.”
Bradley persevered and went on be successful, ultimately choosing “to remain in the entrepreneurship space as a VC and invest in women.” She got involved with Springboard, and today she is involved in numerous other ventures that fit under the inclusive entrepreneurship umbrella. She has served as a presidential appointee under President Clinton and President Obama, and as nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution as well.
A strong entrepreneurial foundation
Another national group with a base in D.C. is Revolution, an investment firm with a seed fund called “Rise of the Rest,” oriented toward closing the geographic entrepreneurship gap.
Anna Mason is a partner on Rise of the Rest, and is also deeply involved in D.C.’s local female entrepreneurship scene. She is on Beacon’s advisory board and also volunteers as co-director of the Washington Chapter of the Vinetta Project, which connects early-stage female founders in tech with financial and social capital.
Between previous West Coast experience and her role at Revolution, which involves travelling to other cities and evaluating their startup communities and resources, she has seen many startup scenes, and she says D.C. has a strong entrepreneurial foundation that its expanding on.
“We’ve identified seven spokes to a startup hub,” Mason explains. “It’s not just about startups, scale-ups, investors, but other players important to growth. When you think about what makes the figurative wheel turn, I’m proud to say that all of the spoke in that hub is working in overdrive in the D.C. community.”
Meanwhile, D.C. has had the benefit of studying what other cities missed in establishing their startup scenes. “I do think we’ve had the privilege to learn and intentionally be different from what we see on the West Coast and what’s not working,” Bradley says.